Study to examine whether bigger breakfast can help dieters
Scientists are to conduct trials to discover whether eating a bigger breakfast holds the key to losing weight.
The study will examine whether the time of day when participants eat the most food has an effect on weight loss.
Trials will take place at the University of Aberdeen Rowett Institute involving two controlled diets, with 45% of calories given either in the morning or in the evening with the same composition of protein, fat and carbohydrates.
Participants will follow the eating plans for four weeks, with a one-week break in between.
Lead researcher Alexandra Johnstone said: "Body composition will be measured by our 'Bod Pod' for monitoring changes in fat mass and fat-free mass.
"We are interested in how meal size affects energy metabolism related to digestion and absorption at different times of the day. It might be that the human body responds differently, related to the normal hormone release linked to our circadian rhythm - this is the normal ebb and flow of hormones related to the natural light cycle over a 24-hour period.
"Diets are generally governed by the basic principle that calories are calories regardless of what time of the day they are consumed. Recent studies suggest that calories are used more efficiently when consumed in the morning as opposed to the evening, and we believe that this could be used to develop new strategies for tackling weight loss."
Previous research has shown people known as evening eaters are more likely to gain weight and less able to lose it, but no studies on overweight and obese people comparing the impact of breakfast versus evening meal have yet been conducted in the UK.
The University of Aberdeen study aims to assess this evidence gap and is being carried out in conjunction with Surrey University and funded by nearly £800,000 from the Medical Research Council.